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Laser photocoagulation is an eye surgery that is used to prevent or treat damage to the retina, usually caused by Diabetic retinopathy. This laser technology is responsible for shrinking or destroying abnormalities in the retina, or also intentionally creates scars. In 90% of cases, laser photocoagulation helps prevent vision loss in patients with Diabetic retinopathy.

En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada We explain what this treatment consists of and what are its greatest risks.

What is laser photocoagulation for retinal tears?

La d It is a degenerative disease that affects vision causing damage to the blood vessels of the retina, which triggers an ophthalmic disease known as Diabetic retinopathy. Retinopathy associated with diabetes is one of the main causes of vision loss worldwide. 

Laser photocoagulation is an eye surgery used in cases of diabetic retinopathy, capable of sealing the leakage of blood vessels or abnormal tissues, stopping the proliferation of new capillaries, and stimulating the absorption of fluid. In addition, laser photocoagulation is used to avoid retinal detachment diagnosed, and also to facilitate the exit of aqueous humor in favor of lowering IOP levels in cases of glaucoma.

Laser Photocoagulation

In which cases is retinal photocoagulation performed?

One of the main reasons why the patient should undergo laser photocoagulation is the treatment of Diabetic retinopathy, although there are other conditions that can also be treated through this eye surgery. Laser photocoagulation is performed in the following cases: 

Previous Exams

Before performing a laser photocoagulation, it is necessary to perform a series of tests to determine the state of health of the eye structure and know if the patient is a candidate for this treatment. Usually, the ophthalmologist asks for a angiography fluorescein and a optical coherence tomography (OCT).

How is laser photocoagulation?

Laser photocoagulation is performed under the effects of local anesthesia applied in drops. The procedure is quite simple and consists of applying the laser, with great precision, in the affected area of ​​the tissue. Once the laser is applied, the patient may experience significant glare at the campor visual, a symptom that usually disappears on its own after half an hour.

In most cases, the surgery is painless, except if the patient suffers from advanced and proliferative diabetic retinopathy or other abnormal vascular diseases. In these cases, it will be necessary to administer an anesthetic solution to prevent the patient from feeling pain. 

Risks and complications

Laser photocoagulation has the same risks as any surgical intervention. However, it is important to note that there is a possibility that the treatment does not have the expected effect or is insufficient to treat the patient's disease.

It can also happen that, although it is very rare, the laser causes a hemorrhage in the retina or macular damage. The key to reducing these risks will be to be treated by a trusted specialist and in an ophthalmology clinic that meets the required sanitary conditions. 

En Advanced Ophthalmology Area We are experts in laser photocoagulation, so do not hesitate to call us if you want to schedule a review one of our specialists. We will be happy to help you!

Laser photocoagulation
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Laser photocoagulation
Laser photocoagulation is a surgery capable of sealing the filtration of abnormal blood vessels or tissues, stop the proliferation of new capillaries, and stimulate the absorption of fluid.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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