Myopic Macular Degeneration

The macula is a small yellowish spot that is located in the center of the retina and, despite its size, it is the structure responsible for central vision. Between the macula conditions highlights the macular degeneration associated with age, a condition that occurs when blood vessels that supply the macula suffer some damage.

La Myopic macular degeneration is a type of AMD, caused by a myopia magna or very high myopia. People who suffer from this disease have difficulty seeing from afar and have loss of visual acuity.

Myopic Macular Degeneration

The macula is a small yellowish spot that is located in the center of the retina and, despite its size, it is the structure responsible for central vision. Between the macula conditions highlights the macular degeneration associated with age, a condition that occurs when blood vessels that supply the macula suffer some damage.

La Myopic macular degeneration is a type of AMD, caused by a myopia magna or very high myopia. People who suffer from this disease have difficulty seeing from afar and have loss of visual acuity.

What is myopic maculopathy?

The retina is the light-sensitive tissue in which images are projected. In the center of the retina we find the macula, a tiny yellow spot that is responsible for the central vision and the perception of the color and the details of the images. Thanks to the macula we can perform daily activities such as driving, reading and recognizing faces.

Over the years, it can happen that the blood vessels that supply the macula suffer some damage and trigger what is known as age-related macular degeneration. This disease progressively affects central vision, as it is one of the main causes of vision loss in the world.

When the cause of macular degeneration is diabetes it is called diabetic maculopathy but when is the myopia there is talk of myopic macular degeneration or myopic maculopathy. This condition occurs in people with very high myopia or with myopia magna. Myopia is one of the most common refractive defects. We say that an eye is myopic when it is longer than normal and causes images to be projected in front of the retina and not on it.

There are no significant differences between macular degeneration and myopic macular degeneration, beyond which the patient has difficulty seeing long-distance objects. Regarding symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, it can be said that both conditions are the same.

Symptoms of myopic macular degeneration

Myopic maculopathy usually manifests itself through the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing correctly long-distance objects due to myopia that usually exceeds 6 diopters.
  • Decrease or loss of central vision.
  • Appearance of a black spot in the campor visual that is gradually increasing in size.
  • Distortion of vision in general.
  • Difficulty performing daily activities such as reading or driving.
  • Difficulty seeing correctly in spaces with low brightness.

Main causes

As we have already mentioned, myopic macular degeneration is caused by a very high myopia that usually exceeds 6 diopters. Another cause may be myopia magna, an alteration that occurs due to the subsequent lengthening of the eyeball that causes the thinning of the retina and choroid.

People with high myopia are at greater risk of optic macular degeneration, but not all people who suffer from myopic maculopathy suffer from myopia magna.

myopic macular degeneration

Treatment for myopic maculopathy

The treatment for myopic maculopathy is the same as that used to slow the progress of macular degeneration. In the presence of symptoms of myopic macular degeneration, the ophthalmologist will examine the fundus to detect possible changes in the macula. To do this, you may perform the Amsler grid test, fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography.

Myopic macular degeneration is a condition that has no cure. Likewise, the treatment consists of give the patient quality of life and slow the progression of the disease.

The consumption of vitamins, zinc and antioxidants is essential to slow the progression of the disease. It is true that it fails to return lost vision or repair damage to the macula or retina.

The ophthalmologist may recommend for the treatment of myopic macular degeneration refractive surgery, laser surgery to repair damaged blood vessels, photodynamic therapy to destroy permeable capillaries and drugs that prevent the formation of new blood vessels.

Early diagnosis and medical monitoring of myopic macular degeneration are key to preventing the disease from causing irreparable damage to vision. This disorder affects only the central vision, which is why many patients intactly preserve their peripheral vision.

En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada We have the best specialists in ophthalmology in Barcelona, ​​do not hesitate to contact us if you have symptoms of myopic maculopathy or if you need more information about this condition.

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Myopic macular degeneration, symptoms, causes and treatment to follow
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Myopic macular degeneration, symptoms, causes and treatment to follow
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When the cause of macular degeneration is myopia, it is called myopic macular degeneration. Discover what are its causes and how to treat it!
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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