Retina

La retina it is the part of the eye where the light we receive is projected through the structures of the eyeball. For this, the retina has photoreceptor cells known as cones and rods, 

Due to its complexity and characteristics, it is one of the most delicate parts of the eye and susceptible to contracting diseases. Next, we present the main retinal diseases.

Retina

La retina it is the part of the eye where the light we receive is projected through the structures of the eyeball. For this, the retina has photoreceptor cells known as cones and rods, 

Due to its complexity and characteristics, it is one of the most delicate parts of the eye and susceptible to contracting diseases. Next, we present the main retinal diseases.

How does the retina affect vision?

The pathologies of the retina can affect the different structures of the central zone such as the macula (maximum vision zone), producing hemorrhages and fluids. If these could affect the periphery of the retina, tears and a detached retina.

What happens if the retina is damaged?

The retina is a tissue that contains millions of light-sensitive cells, better known as rods or cones, and damage to these cells can significantly affect the color perception.

The most important part of the retina is the macula, a tiny yellowish spot that is in the center of the membrane and makes central vision possible. The macula allows people to differentiate faces and perform activities such as reading and driving. Any damage that occurs in the macula will mean a significant risk of visual loss.

The retina can be affected in different ways. Sometimes, it is less dangerous disease, such as the appearance of photopsies in the campor visual after trauma. Other times, it may be due to more complex disorders such as degenerative diseases of the retina. It is true that the symptoms that occur when the retina is damaged, depend exclusively on its cause.

Among the disorders of the retina that can most affect the vision and the correct functioning of this membrane, the retinal detachment, macular hole y macular degeneration.

Retinal diseases: related symptoms

There are also congenital diseases that affect the functioning of photoreceptor cells such as color blindness, which causes a person not to appreciate the colors correctly. The symptoms associated with retinal diseases are very varied, but among the most common are:

  • Appearance of flying flies in the Campor visual 
  • Flashes of light In the central vision. 
  • Difficulty to focus objects correctly, images are not clear and details cannot be appreciated correctly. 
  • Difficulty driving, read o recognize faces
  • The images look dull
  • Sudden vision loss.
diseases of the retina

What to do to strengthen the retina?

When the retina suffers some damage, the most important thing is to stop or slow the progression of the disease to preserve visual quality. To do this, we must go immediately to ophthalmologist whenever there is any irregularity in vision. 

Timely diagnosis may be the key to preventing even a retinal detachment that is under development.  

Visiting the ophthalmologist periodically, maintaining a balanced diet, eating foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids, wearing sunglasses and maintaining good eye hygiene, are some of the most recommended actions to take care of the retina and overall visual health. 

Factors riesgo

A person's habits, lifestyle, diet and genetic inheritance can influence the health of the entire human body, including the ocular structure. Among the main risk factors for retinal diseases, the following stand out: 

  • Suffer d or have parents with this disease. 
  • History of macular degeneration
  • Family history of other diseases of the retina. 
  • To have suffered retinal detachment in one eye 
  • Self exists greater than 60 years
  • Suffer from hypertension o Cardiovascular disease
  • Trauma.
  • Do not wear sunglasses to protect from sunlight
  • Practice extreme sports.
retinography

Treatments of retinal diseases

Depending on the disorder and its corresponding cause, different treatment options may be chosen. Some of them are:

  • Laser surgery to treat tears or hole in the retina.
  • Photocoagulation to reduce abnormal blood vessels that may bleed in the eye. This treatment is a great help for people diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.
  • La cryopexy It is used to treat the retinal tear with cold.
  • Laser treatments for retinal detachment.
  • Vitrectomy to extract the vitreous humor spilled inside the eye.
  • Intravitreal injections of medication for macular degeneration.

If you think you have any symptoms of retinal disease, do not hesitate to have an ophthalmologic examination with one of our specialists Área Oftalmológica Avanzada. We are happy to help you!

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Retina
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Retina
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Retinologists experts in diseases of the retina in Barcelona. Área Oftalmológica Avanzada puts at your fingertips the best specialist Retinologists.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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