waterfalls in the eyes

La cataract is the partial or total opacification of the lens and the cataract operation It is the only way to correct this condition.

The waterfall usually appears due to natural aging of the eye and it is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world.

waterfalls in the eyes

La cataract is the partial or total opacification of the lens and the cataract operation It is the only way to correct this condition.

The waterfall usually appears due to natural aging of the eye and it is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world.

What are cataracts in the eyes?

El crystalline is the natural lens of the eye which, as his name infers, it is totally transparent, which allows focusing the light rays that pass to the retina to clearly see the objects. Over time, the proteins that make up the lens is decomposing and make this it becomes opaque causing blurred visioncondition that it is known as cataracts.

These develop progressively and without causing painHowever, as the lens loses its transparency, the symptoms become evident. Most people present a certain degree of opacity in the lens from the age of 65, which is why this condition has become one of the main causes of vision loss in the world.

Causes of cataracts

The main cause of cataracts in the eyes is the agingHowever, this condition it can also occur in children, which is why to properly explain its causes it is important to know the variants of this condition and its risk factors.

The most frequent causes of cataract formation are:

  • Diseases like diabetes, hypertension and obesity.
  • Medication consumption steroids, hormonal therapy and drugs for the treatment of high cholesterol.
  • Eye surgery, high myopia or magnaeye inflammation.
  • Exposure to ultraviolet rays.
  • Family background of falls.
  • Smoking and alcoholism.
waterfalls in the eyes

Symptoms of cataracts in the eyes

At its initial phase do not usually cause symptomatologyHowever, as the lens loses its transparency, the symptoms become evident. The cataracts usually cause vision problems like:

  • Sensitivity to the glow
  • Cloudy vision o fuzzy.
  • Difficulty seeing at night and in the dim light.
  • See opaquely or loss of color intensity.
  • Double vision.
  • Difficulty differentiate the shade of colors.
  • Frequent changes in the graduation of the glasses.
  • See halos of light Around the spotlight

El timely diagnosis is essential to prevent the condition from progressing and a significant loss of vision occurs. Also, when a person presents hypermature cataracts there is a risk that the disease spreads to other parts of the eye, which can trigger a painful type of glaucoma.

Cataracts in adults

different types of cataracts whose classification varies depending on the age at which they originate, the area in which they appear or pathologies associated with it. These are the main ones:

  • Immature cataracts: usually develop over the years, but they differ from the rest because the lens still retains transparency in some of its parts.
  • Mature waterfalls: in this type the crystalline has lost all its transparency and the main cause is the aging.
  • Hypermature cataracts: is he maximum deterioration of the lens as a consequence of aging. In this type of condition, the crystalline, besides being totally opaque, presents a liquid layer that filters to other parts of the eye and cause inflammation.

Waterfalls in children

  • genetic: the congenital cataract are those that they are transmitted to the child through one of the parents. If one of the parents has the cataract gene at 50% the risk of the child suffering from this disease is greater.
  • Infectious: normally they develop because of some infectious disease that the mother has contracted during pregnancy. They are usually congenital and one of the conditions that can lead to this condition in newborn children is rubella.
  • Metabolic: is produced as a result of important diseases such as diabetes and galactosemia.

Risk factors for cataracts in the eyes

  • Environmental: radiation, exposure to ultraviolet light, habit of smoking and eye trauma.
  • Metabolic: diabetes, low levels of serum calcium and any other metabolic and inflammatory disorder.
  • Idiopathic: the cause of cataracts is not known.
  • Medications: the consumption of corticosteroids and associated drugs increases the risk of developing cataracts.

Cataract operation

Unlike other eye conditions, cataracts can only be treated through surgical interventionHowever, not all people affected with this condition they are candidates for the operation. The people who apply for surgical removal are those whose vision is compromised and, therefore, there is no other alternative.

La cataract operation it consists of removing the opaque lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. In Área Oftalmológica Avanzada we are experts in this type of interventions, guaranteeing a surgery performed by the best professionals.

There are two procedures to make this possible:

  • Extracapsular surgery: is he most commonly used method to treat cataracts Consists in remove the lens and keep the outer covering of the eye intact, when the lens is removed an intraocular lens is placed in its place. With this method there are less risk of surgical infection In the eyes, the recovery process is shorter, it is used Anesthesia local and it is carried out through a microscope.
  • Intracapsular surgery: is he least used procedure, since it is used alone and very serious cases. Consists in remove all the lens and the outer covering of the eye.

Since the surgery is ambulatory, many people wonder how is he postoperative cataract. The truth is that it is much simpler than you think, On the day of the intervention the person goes home accompanied by someone, since it will present a temporary loss of vision. However, after a couple of days will recover, clear vision and the yes you take from the falls will not be present. However, if a person suffering from macular degeneration If cataract surgery is performed, it may not recover the total clarity of the vision.

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Cataracts: causes, first symptoms and treatment
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Cataracts: causes, first symptoms and treatment
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Cataracts in the eyes are a common condition in the elderly, so it is important to know their risk factors, symptoms and treatment.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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