Ocular neuralgia

Ocular neuralgia refers to the pain that some people sometimes experience around the eyes or when moving them. Ocular neuralgia is not a disease, it is a symptom that is associated with various conditions such as conjunctivitis or the ocular dryness.

Eye pain can be very annoying and depending on its origin it can be accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, photophobia o vision disturbances.

Diagnosing the cause of ocular neuralgia in time is essential to prevent major complications, such as optic nerve damage

ocular neuralgia

En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada Next, we explain what ocular neuralgia is and what its treatment is.

What is ocular neuralgia?

Ocular neuralgia is the term used in medicine to refer to eye pain that is usually accompanied by headache.

It is a very common annoyance which can be caused by factors such as Stress, tiredness, anxiety and excessive use of digital screens. In most cases optic neuralgia can be triggered after a very hectic day. 

Optic neuralgia tends to affect women more than men, especially from the 50 years old. However, when this discomfort is very intense and occurs persistently, it is important to pay close attention to it, since there may be a bigger problem behind it.

When in doubt, it is best to see a neuro-ophthalmologist to obtain a specific diagnosis. 

Why does it occur?

Persistent ocular neuralgia causes severe eye and head discomfort and may be associated with a variety of ophthalmic diseasesThe most notable are the following:


La optic neuritis or retrobulbar is inflammation of the optic nerve, a very important condition that must be treated as soon as possible to prevent partial or complete loss of vision.

Identify the ocular neuritis symptoms It is important to recognize this disease and act on time: 

  • Eye pain when moving the eye.
  • abrupt loss of vision 
  • Changes in depth vision.
  • Changes in the appreciation of brightness and color. 
  • Changes in the pupil. 

La inflammation of the optic nerve may be caused by non-ophthalmic conditions such as failure of the immune system which causes demyelination of nerve fibers by diseases such as multiple sclerosis

ocular neuralgia treatment


El glaucoma is Increased intraocular pressure and this affects the functioning of the optic nerve.

Currently, glaucoma is one of the main causes of vision loss in Spain. 

Acute glaucoma is one of the conditions that can cause ocular neuralgia accompanied by blurred vision, Red eye, nausea and vomiting. Early diagnosis is the key to preventing glaucoma from causing total vision loss.

dry eye syndrome

A deficit in tear production can cause dryness of the ocular surface, which we know as Dry eye syndrome. If the pathology persists, we will call it Severe dry eye syndrome.

This condition it's chronic and so far there is no cure, but it can be treated with the use of eye drops and artificial tears that help to calm the symptoms.  

People with dry eye experience intense episodes of ocular neuralgia, sensation of a foreign body inside the eye, sensitivity to light, headache and excessive tearing. 


La conjunctivitis It is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, the transparent tissue that covers and protects the sclera, the white part of the eye.

When a person has conjunctivitis, in addition to eye pain, they have excessive tearing, reddening of the sclera, yellowish discharge, rheum, and a feeling of grit or a foreign body inside the eye. 

Generalized anxiety

Many people get used to living a hectic pace of life in which worries and fears predominate. Many times stressWithout warning, it transforms into a generalized anxiety disorder.

This condition is one of the main causes of ocular neuralgia not directly associated with ophthalmological diseases. 

Other causes of optic neuralgia 

  • Infections of the cornea.
  • Incorrect use of glasses or contact lenses.
  • Allergies.
  • Irritation from sun exposure.
  • Flu.
  • Neuropathies

Symptoms of optic neuralgia

Depending on its cause, optic neuralgia can be accompanied by different symptoms.

The general malaise of ocular neuralgia can be described as a constant pain around the eyes It can become sharp or sharp.

It may also be accompanied by other symptoms, such as: 

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache.
  • Dizziness
  • Sight loss.
  • Discharge, excessive tearing or crusts.
  • Ocular redness

Treatment for ocular neuralgia

The treatment of ocular neuralgia consists of stopping the pain by administering analgesic or anti-inflammatory drugs.

When the pain is not temporary, but occurs constantly and intensely, it is essential to see an ophthalmologist to rule out major complications.

En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada We are experts in eye health and we have the best human and technological team to treat ocular neuralgia. Contact us and schedule your appointment with one of our specialists. We will be happy to assist you!

What is ocular neuralgia and what is its treatment?
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What is ocular neuralgia and what is its treatment?
Suffering ocular neuralgia is a very common discomfort caused by multiple factors or associated with certain diseases.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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