Headache is a common and transient symptom that may be caused by everyday factors such as stress.
When this upset appears suddenly and affects a single part of the skull, it is known by the name of migraine ophthalmic.
People who suffer migraine headache or migraine they often experience a series of visual symptoms such as appearance of lights o luminous forms in the campor visual.
Treat the ocular migraine Correctly, it is essential to prevent it from becoming a recurrent malaise.
La neurophthalmology is a branch of ophthalmology that specializes in the study of diseases of the nervous system that affect vision.
It is also dedicated to studying the activity of the nerves that have the function of eye movements, as well as that of the pupil.
What is ophthalmic migraine?
Ophthalmic migraine is a very frequent discomfort that causes intense headache and is accompanied by other annoying symptoms such as nausea y visual disturbances.
Ocular migraine does not represent any danger to health and does not have negative consequences for sight.
This discomfort can reach last up to three days, usually affects the left side of the head and more common in women than in men
Ophthalmic migraine is manifested for the first time during youth and usually affects chronicle to people throughout their lives.
Discovering the triggers of this type of migraine is essential to combat it.
Ophthalmic migraine is a chronic condition that manifests itself through episodes.
Some people can go for months or years without a migraine and then unexpectedly start having several episodes in a row.
Symptoms of ophthalmic migraine
Between the symptoms of ophthalmic migraine we find:
- Headache It starts suddenly and manifests intensely on only one side of the head. The pain may be less or stronger as the migraine episode evolves.
- The headache may get worse when the person performs efforts, listen to certain sounds o it is exposed to light.
- Nausea y vomiting.
- Blurred vision o double vision.
- Visual disturbances which usually appear before migraine begins. The person begins to see blind spots (scotomas) in the campor visual that may be accompanied by blinking lights.
- Scotomas affect the central area of the campor visual, but if the migraine is very strong they can include all vision.
Causes that cause it
The main causes of ophthalmic migraine are:
- Hereditary genetic factors. If a person has a family history of eye migraine, he or she is at greater risk for this condition.
- Lack of sleep, dream of poor qualityInsomnia, sudden changes in sleep patterns.
- Hormonal changes. This cause commonly affects women. There are women who suffer from ocular migraine during menstruation.
- Consumption of certain foods o drinks.
- Consume of alcohol y tobacco.
- Stress, anxiety y depression.
Treatment for ophthalmic migraine
The treatment of ophthalmic migraine consists of treat the symptoms of a migraine crisis and perform the necessary actions to prevent episodes y decrease their frequency.
During a crisis it will be necessary for the person who suffers:
- Stay at rest In a silent room and dark.
- Avoid looking to all kinds of light y screens.
- Consume painkillers or medications prescribed by your doctor, which can be derived from ergotamine or triptans.
- Avoid all kinds of trigger factor.
To prevent ophthalmic migraine attacks, it is important that each person do the exercise of recognize what habits or foods cause discomfort.
The variety of triggers they are different in each person, and avoiding them is the key to prevent this discomfort and reduce the frequency of episodes.
The variety of most common triggers are:
- Stress y excessive tiredness.
- Snuff y alcoholic drinks.
- Coffee y chocolate.
- Sleep disorders.