Types of keratitis

different types of keratitis that they are classified according to the agent that caused it or the cause and according to the area affected by keratitis.

It is important distinguish keratitis from la corneal ulcer since, although they keep a close relationship they are not the same.

Types of keratitis

different types of keratitis that they are classified according to the agent that caused it or the cause and according to the area affected by keratitis.

It is important distinguish keratitis from la corneal ulcer since, although they keep a close relationship they are not the same.

What is keratitis?

La keratitis It is a lesion that occurs in the cornea, the transparent tissue that covers the pupil and the iris.

This condition, very close to the one known as corneal ulcer, causes very annoying symptoms that should be taken care of immediately to avoid major complications in visual health.

La Keratitis can be caused by a bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infection.

Depending on your causekeratitis it can manifest itself in a different way and affect the eyeball in a profound or supervisory manner.

Types of keratitis according to the cause

A keratitis can be manifested by different causes that allow it to be divided into different groups. These are:

Herpetic keratitis

La herpetic keratitis es caused by a viral infection, mostly produced by the herpes simplex virus.

It is important to highlight that this type of virus remains in the body and manifests itself through sporadic outbreaks triggered by the Stress Sun exposure or immune system disorder.

The varicella zoster virus and shingles they can also cause herpetic keratitis.

types of keratitis according to the cause

Bacterial keratitis

La bacterial keratitis it is the most common and also the easier to contract, since it is usually caused by bacteria that lodge in contact lenses, such as, gonococcus, meningococcus and C. diphteriae.

This type of eye keratitis can be produced by fungi, amoebas y parasites like Acanthamoeba.

Bacterial keratitis progresses rapidly due to the proliferation of bacteria in the cornea.

This type of keratitis must be taken care of quicklyas they are considered serious and puts eye health at risk.

Keratitis due to ocular dryness

El Dry eye syndrome It can have negative consequences for eye health such as ulcer formation Small in the cornea.

This type of keratitis is also known as punctate or dotted keratitis because the injury usually has a point shape.

Other causes

Some of the factors that can produce keratitis, besides those that we have mentioned previously, they are:

  • People who have suffered some kind of corneal injury They are more likely to suffer keratitis.
  • El medication use ocular with corticosteroids It can cause infectious keratitis.
  • Any object that scratches or damages the cornea It can cause non-infectious keratitis.
  • El wearing contact lenses when sleeping increases the risk of infectious or non-infectious keratitis.

Types of keratitis according to the affected area

Depending on the area which affects the eye, keratitis can be classified as shallow or deep.

The superficial keratitis affect the outermost part of the cornea, such as the corneal epithelium.

The deep keratitiss are more serious and occur when ulcers damage inner eye areas. This type of keratitis can cause scars that impair vision.

Among the superficial keratitis we find:

types of keratitis according to the area

Filamentous keratitis

This type of keratitis, in addition to producing inflammation in the cornea, is characterized by formation of a mucosa in the eye which causes the sensation of having a foreign body.

La flamboyant keratitis is very associated with people suffering from syndrome severe dry eye.

Punctate or dotted keratitis

La dotted keratitis causes many ulcerations in the form of spots in the corneal epithelium.

Pain, sensitivity to light and epiphora They are your most important symptoms.

Ulcerative keratitis

This type of ocular keratitis generates a interruption in the epithelium due to the formation of an ulcer.

All superficial keratitis can become deep keratitis if the ulcers begin to damage the layers of the eye that go beyond the epithelium and, of course, the cornea.

For this reason it is very important that when a person presents symptoms of keratitis immediately go to the ophthalmologist to be examined and treated. 

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Types of keratitis, know them all!
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Types of keratitis, know them all!
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We tell you the types of keratitis that can occur in the eye according to their cause and the affected area. Enter now and discover them!
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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