Herpetic keratitis

The virus, pathogens y bacteria can affect the eye structure of the eye causing infections important as la herpetic keratitiscondition that usually mainly associated with infection with the herpes simplex virus (VHS) or by use of contact lenses.

La herpetic keratitis is a type of keratitis very contagious.

Herpetic keratitis

The virus, pathogens y bacteria can affect the eye structure of the eye causing infections important as la herpetic keratitiscondition that usually mainly associated with infection with the herpes simplex virus (VHS) or by use of contact lenses.

La herpetic keratitis is a type of keratitis very contagious.

What is herpetic keratitis?

La herpetic keratitis is inflammation of the cornea due tomainly to an infection caused by herpes simplex virus, although it can also be caused by the virus shingles in the eye.

To diagnose herpetic keratitis or herpes on the eyelid it is necessary go to the ophthalmologist for the specialist to explore the eye structure with a slit lamp. Depending on the scan, the ophthalmologist may also request that a PCR test be performed to diagnose the presence of the virus.

Types of herpetic keratitis

Two types of herpetic keratitis:

Herpetic epithelial keratitis

La epithelial herpetic keratitis takes between 1 and 28 days to incubate and usually the first contagion has no symptoms. When this type of keratitis is symptomatic it shows in the eye as a kind of conjunctivitis, because the virus attacks the corneal epithelium and generates very small and branched wounds.

It is important answer on time the epithelial herpetic keratitis for avoid the condition becomes complicated and causes corneal ulcers Large size.

Stromal Herpetic Keratitis

La stromal herpetic keratitis occurs as a reaction to the virus in the deepest part of the cornea and can occur in patients who have suffered Repeated herpetic keratitis.

keratitis-herpetica

The most acute form of infection is when the herpetic keratitis is necrotizing and must be treated immediately and thorough for prevent the virus from damaging the cornea aggressively

Causes of herpetic keratitis

The herpes simplex virus can live and reproduce in the human body silently and not actively. The most common forms of infection of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) are the direct contact o saliva and there are different agents that can stimulate virus activation, Such as high fever, menstruation, corneal trauma, exposure to UV light, immunosuppressive diseases and some eye drops.

Two types of herpes simplex virus, first of them the most common and it affects mainly to the face with the appearance of herpes labialis. He second type se infects through sexual intercourse y affects the genitals. Both types of herpes simplex virus can spread to the eyes through touch.

The people who wear contact lenses They should have great care at the time of the contact lens hygiene, for any contact of these with the virus, fungi or bacteria can cause eye diseases or inflammations such as herpetic keratitis

Symptoms of herpetic keratitis

La herpetic keratitis usually recognized by the following symptom:

  • Feeling of having strange body inside the eye.
  • Sensitivity in the light better known as photophobia.
  • Redness of the ocular structure.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Herpetic epithelial keratitis It causes tearing, eye pain, photophobia and blurred vision. There is only loss of vision if the central part.
  • Stromal herpetic keratitis causes blurred vision, red eye, and tearing.

Treatment of herpetic keratitis

El herpetic keratitis treatment It will depend on the health status of each person, usually the doctor prescribes topical medications as anti-viral gels, anti-inflammatories and eye drops, but it may also prescribe anti-inflammatory y Antivirals orally.

If the herpetic keratitis has been complicated and has generated loss of vision there is the option to place a corneal implant surgically to return visual acuity.

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Herpetic keratitis: what it is, causes, symptoms and treatment
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Herpetic keratitis: what it is, causes, symptoms and treatment
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Discover all about herpetic keratitis: what it is, causes, symptoms and treatment. We tell you everything you need to know about this eye infection.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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