Bacterial keratitis

La keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea, the tissue that covers the pupil and iris. This condition causes visual discomfort, redness and irritation, among other symptoms.

different types of keratitis that vary according to its cause. The bacterial keratitis is a very common form of keratitis that is caused by a bacterial infection.

Treat bacterial keratitis in time is very important to prevent major complications such as corneal ulcer and later corneal perforation.

Bacterial keratitis

La keratitis is the inflammation of the cornea, the tissue that covers the pupil and iris. This condition causes visual discomfort, redness and irritation, among other symptoms.

different types of keratitis that vary according to its cause. The bacterial keratitis is a very common form of keratitis that is caused by a bacterial infection.

Treat bacterial keratitis in time is very important to prevent major complications such as corneal ulcer and later corneal perforation.

What is bacterial keratitis?

La bacterial keratitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the cornea due to a bacterial infection.

This type of keratitis It is the most common and the easier to contractWell, usually caused by the use of contact lenses, a Trauma o alterations in the immune system of the person.

Bacterial keratitis is characterized by progress rapidly, hence the importance of treat it as quickly as possible for avoid complications that affect vision, as the extent of the infection, a corneal ulcer or the corneal perforation

Causes

La cause of bacterial keratitis is contagion with some kind of pathogen what has triggered an eye infection and has brought about la inflammation of the cornea.

Among the most common bacteria that cause bacterial keratitis find the gonococcus, the meningococcus and Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

This condition also can be caused by amoebas, fungi and parasites such as Acanthamoeba.

Main factors that trigger bacterial keratitis are:

  • Pathogens housed in contact lenses due to inadequate hygiene of the same.
  • Do not clean the case correctly where the lenses are stored.
  • Get in touch with contaminated water, either from a hose, fountain, water from the beach or the pool.
  • Any contaminated object that comes into contact with the eye.
  • Injury and trauma which has left the cornea exposed to bacteria.
bacterial keratitis

Symptoms of bacterial keratitis

La bacterial keratitis it's a ophthalmic disease what cause very annoying symptoms for the patient

This condition usually manifests as follows:

  • Intense pain It appears suddenly and gets worse quickly.
  • Redness of the eye
  • Sensitivity to light that progresses as the inflammation of the cornea progresses.
  • Decreased visual acuity.

Generally the symptoms progress rapidly. However, the speed of disease progression depends on the pathogen that triggered the infection.

In the moment of present the first symptoms of bacterial keratitis, It is important assist the ophthalmologist to evaluate the ocular structure and receive the appropriate treatment.

Treatment of bacterial keratitis

Yes, treat bacterial keratitis, it is necessary to first make the diagnosis and know what was the pathogen that caused the infection.

To do this, the ophthalmologist takes a corneal tissue sample and indicates the realization of a specific crop.

As well it can be necessary perform the culture to a sample of the contact lenses, the contact lens case and the substances used that have been in contact with the eyes, such as eye drops or artificial tears.

Once you the ophthalmologist knows what the pathogen has been that has generated the infection will prescribe the antibiotic suitable to combat the proliferation of it within the eye.

Does not exist. no antibiotic capable of killing all bacteria existing, it is necessary to use the one that indicates the result of the crop.

Sometimes the crop may take a few days. If this is the case, the treatment of bacterial keratitis can begin making use of antibiotics of spectrum amplio.

Subsequently, the antibiotic to which the pathogen is sensitive will be prescribed. The drugs which are usually prescribed To cure bacterial keratitis are topical or oral use.

It is also usually indicated the use of Artificial tears and medications with corticosteroids to relieve the symptoms.

When the bacterial keratitis has caused corneal perforation it will be necessary to perform a cornea transplant.

How to prevent bacterial keratitis

Prevent bacterial keratitis is possible if one is maintained proper hygiene of the ocular structure, hands, contact lenses and contact lens case.

It is important to remember that pathogens are everywhere, so anything we carry in our eyes may be contaminated.

Yes, prevent bacterial keratitis you can follow the following tips:

  • Wash your hands with soap antibacterial every time you touch your face, put on contact lenses or scratch your eyes. Hands should be washed at least six times a day. 
  • Wash the lenses every day and ensure that the case has been washed, dried and closed properly. The humidity in the environment is ideal for the proliferation of fungi and bacteria.
  • Do not use contact lenses, eye drops or artificial tears of other people. Tampoco lend cosmetics or use those of third parties. 
  • Wash the contact lens case every day.
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Bacterial keratitis
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Bacterial keratitis
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Bacterial keratitis is a condition that causes very annoying symptoms for the patient. We tell you its causes and treatment.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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