Corneal leucoma

El Corneal leucoma is a condition that occurs when certain factors -see the scars- cause opacification of the cornea causing a significant decrease in visual acuity. 

El corneal leucoma is very similar to CataractsWell, the loss of transparency of a tissue is the cause of vision becoming more blurred. However, to waterfall difference, when the cornea is opacified, there is no treatment that is able to recover its transparency.

Corneal leucoma

El Corneal leucoma is a condition that occurs when certain factors -see the scars- cause opacification of the cornea causing a significant decrease in visual acuity. 

El corneal leucoma is very similar to CataractsWell, the loss of transparency of a tissue is the cause of vision becoming more blurred. However, to waterfall difference, when the cornea is opacified, there is no treatment that is able to recover its transparency.

What is corneal leucoma?

The cornea is a transparent tissue that protects the iris, the lens and allows the entry of light from the outside to the inside of the eye. So, the Corneal leucoma is a disorder that causes opacification of the cornea causing visual acuity to decrease significantly

Depending on the degree of opacification produced by corneal leucoma, vision may be affected to a lesser or greater extent. When he corneal leucoma is mild, the person may present some decrease in visual acuity, but, as the cornea loses transparency, there may be a considerable loss, to the point that the affected person perceives only flashes of light and lumps

El corneal leucoma is usually compared with cataracts, in the case of these there is also a loss of transparency, although instead of occurring in the cornea it occurs in the lens. Nevertheless, unlike cataracts, corneal leukoma is not corrected by implantation of intraocular lenses.

Causes that cause it

El Corneal leukoma can be caused by different factors, being the most common: trauma, wounds, scars, infections, corneal ulcers and burns. All of them cause the formation of opaque tissue that makes vision difficult. 

At Lóleo Eventos, most casesplatforms, corneal leucoma is the product of a corneal scar.

Others agents associated with corneal leucoma They may be:

corneal leucoma

Corneal Leukoma Treatment

Corneal walleye is irreversible. This means that cannot be treated through special lenses or medicationsBecause the only existing treatment for an opaque cornea is the cornea transplant, in other words, replace the opaque fabric with a new and transparent one.

Fortunately, science has advanced so much that today cornea transplant is a very common surgery in ophthalmology and It is performed under the effects of local anesthesia.

The process consists of replacing the opaque tissue with a new one from a donor, and that meets the necessary conditions to perform the surgery.

How is cornea transplant?

La cornea transplant surgery is a simple procedure and ambulatory. There are several methods to perform corneal transplantation, although the most widely used today is penetrating keratoplasty.

La penetrating keratoplasty takes place in two phases. In the first, the specialist removes the opacified part of the cornea of the patient and subsequently suture the new or donated tissue.

Another surgical option to perform a corneal transplant is the lamellar keratoplasty, which includes techniques DMEK y DSAEK. Under this procedure it is not necessary to replace all layers of the corneaBut we can choose which ones are going to be transplanted. This technique offers a better recovery and is less complex.

We cannot say that one procedure is better than the other, since the technique to be used will depend on the medical specialist and the patient's state of eye health. However, we can affirm that, currently, the cornea transplant is much more common than in the past and the results are really successful, both for the treatment of corneal leucoma As for other diseases of the cornea.

Can there be complications after a corneal transplant?

Surgery to transplant the cornea has the same risks as any surgical procedure. It is interesting to note that the cornea has no blood vessels, so transplant rejection is very small. We currently know that less than 10% of transplanted patients produce rejection of donated tissue

Today, it is possible to control the rejection of corneal tissue through medications and eye drops with steroids. Other sequels that can be presented are: hemorrhages, inflammation, infection and, although less frequent, glaucoma.

Summary
Corneal leucoma: what it is, causes and treatment
Article name
Corneal leucoma: what it is, causes and treatment 
Description
Corneal leucoma is a condition that causes opacification of the cornea causing a significant decrease in visual acuity.
Author
Name of the editor
Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
Editor's logo