The droopy eyelid is a problem that, at different levels, can cause significant discomfort to people who suffer from it. Hence, there are many cases in which it is essential to correct it through surgical intervention.
En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada we will give you all the necessary information in relation to the surgery of Eyelids fallen.
What are droopy eyelids?
El droopy eyelid or eyelid ptosis refers to a drooping on the upper eyelid that causes a part of the eye to be covered that should not be covered. In addition, it causes the patient to have certain difficulties when opening their eyes.
Causes of eyelid ptosis
This problem is usually due to the fact that, with the edad, the levator eyelid muscle is progressively stretched, losing its firmness.
However, there is also the congenital ptosis, which does not depend on age. This means that there are cases in which you have a droopy eyelid from birth due to a alteration of the levator muscle during its embryonic development.
In addition, there are other causes that cause droopy eyelid, although they are less frequent, among which we find muscle diseases or allergic reactions.
Luckily, it is a problem that has a solution through a droopy eyelid surgery. We see it below.
In which cases is an eyelid operation performed?
The eyelid operation is known as blepharoplasty, and there are cases in which it is very necessary to consider its realization.
First of all, it must be taken into account that ptosis can cause problems for the patient to enjoy normal vision and is very annoying when carrying out daily activities. In addition, the drooping eyelid is an obvious aesthetic problem.
Generally, eyelid ptosis surgery is usually performed in both eyes although, depending on each case, we may find that it is simply necessary to operate one of the two eyelids to equalize the drooping eyelid to the fact that it is not.
In one situation as in another, it will be the ophthalmologist oculoplastic specialist who evaluates if I really know must perform the intervention o no.
What is the operation of droopy eyelids?
Once the patient and the ophthalmologist determine that it is best to correct the eyelid ptosis through an operation, it is performed following the steps below:
On the same day as the operation, it is customary to administer a medicine to help you relax, thus reducing the stress of the intervention. After this, local anesthesia is applied to the eyelid and the peripalpebral area, thus avoiding pain during the operation of the droopy eyelid.
The process that is carried out in a droopy eyelid surgery is:
- We carry out a series of short incisions in the folds of the eyelids.
- We carefully remove the sagging skin and excess tissue.
- We tighten the droopy eyelid muscles.
- We close the incisions and we sew the fabrics that had to be opened to correct the eyelid ptosis.
The normal thing is that the patient is discharged the same day of the operation. But both before and after this moment it is necessary to follow a series of guidelines:
- After the operation, at the medical center, the incisions are covered by applying an ointment and bandages. Possible discomfort that may arise can be alleviated with pain relievers.
- The ophthalmologist may prescribe a few eye drops so that the eyes are lubricated, preventing the patient from itching too much.
- During the days following the operation, it is important keep head elevated, and placing cold compresses to reduce swelling and bruising. An ice pack can also be used for this purpose, but it is essential that it is wrapped in a towel or similar to avoid a possible injury from excessive cold.
- For the first two weeks at least contact lenses should not be used.
- Avoid those activities that involve some physical effort, including bending over, for a minimum period of three weeks. There is a risk of high blood pressure.
- Between five and seven days after the operation stitches will be removed from the patient.
After two or three days, the patient should begin to see well.
Risks of droopy eyelid surgery
There are a series of risks that are intrinsic to any type of operation, as well as anesthesia. The main ones are:
- Blood clots.
- Adverse drug reactions.
But there are also other possible specific complications that can occur when it comes to a droopy eyelid operation:
- Eye damage or loss of vision. The incidence rate of this complication is extremely low.
- Problems closing the eyes at bedtime, which usually disappear over time.
- Dry eyes.
- Double vision or blurry
- Swollen eyelids for a time.
- Uneven or too slow healing.
- Small whitish spots after removing the stitches.
- Lack of coincidence in the height of the eyelids.
On the other, it is important that if the patient has certain health problems tell the surgeon. These problems, among others, can be:
- Heart diseases.
- Vascular disorders.
- High blood pressure.
- Other circulation problems.
- Thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism.
- Dry eye or poor tear production.
En Área Oftalmológica Avanzada we are experts in surgery to lift droopy eyelids, contact us if you want to solve this problem. We are delighted to help you!