Ectropion

The eyelids are like a protective blind that helps prevent the ocular structure from being affected by external factors such as dust or sand.

El ectropion is a palpebral malposition what happens when the inner part of the lower eyelid folds out

That's it the opposite of entropion, but both conditions are equally delicate for eye health. Timely treatment of this condition is essential to prevent complications such as infection e irritation of the cornea.

Entropion

The eyelids are like a protective blind that helps prevent the ocular structure from being affected by external factors such as dust or sand..

El ectropion is a palpebral malposition what happens when the inner part of the lower eyelid folds out

That's it the opposite of entropion, but both conditions are equally delicate for eye health. Timely treatment of this condition is essential to prevent complications such as infection e irritation of the cornea.

What is entropion?

The ectropion is a palpebral malposition what happens when the edge of the eyelid bends outward and let exposed the internal part thereof and part of the ocular structure.

It usually affects more frequently during old age and usually manifests in the lower eyelid.

We consider ectropion to be reaction when entire eyelid edge It unfolds out. In cases leves, Only a part of the eyelid It sinks and separates from the eye. 

Types of ectropion

The different types of ectropion are classified according to their cause, let's see:

Involuntary or senile ectropion

It is the most common type and occurs due to the loss of stiffness in the eyelid tissue due to aging or external factors such as tobacco smoke. It typically occurs on the lower eyelid due to the effect of gravity.

The loss of firmness causes excess elasticity in the skin, muscles and tendons.

Scar Ectropion

It occurs when a eyelid scar causes tissue retraction. The scar can be caused by surgery, trauma, burns or skin diseases.

ectropion

Paralytic Ectropion

This type of ectropion is associated with a muscle spasm or one Facial paralysis which, combined with palpebral laxity, the eyelids of the eye are affected.

Congenital ectropion

He is the one present from birth and is usually caused by a decreased eyelid opening.

Symptoms of ectropion

The outward fold of the eyelid alters the correct distribution of the tear in the structure of the cornea due to the abnormal position of the eyelid.

This alteration is responsible for ectropion symptoms:

  • Excessive tearing when the affected eyelid is the lower one. 
  • Irritation eyepiece.
  • Eye dryness.
  • Foreign body sensation inside the eye.
  • Eye redness and of the white line of the eyelid. 
  • Excessive dryness in the eyes and feeling of having them sandy.
  • La tear dryness can irritate the cornea and cause photophobia or sensitivity to light. 

Causes

Outward eyelid malposition is usually associated with tissue aging and loss of firmness, factors that cause significant muscle weakness in the eyelids that generates the ectropion.

Ectropion caused by muscle weakness is the most common. Other causes are: 

  • Facial paralysis: Some tumors o Conditions like Bell's palsy can paralyze the muscles and nerves of the face causing ectropion. 
  • Scars: Skin damaged by trauma, surgery, burns or skin injuries can cause the formation of scars that modify the way in which the eyelid rests on the eye. surgeries like blepharoplasty They can cause ectropion. 
  • Poor eyelid growth: Any benign or cancerous growth can stimulate the eyelid fold out. 
uveal ectropion

Ectropion surgery

Ointments and some artificial tears can help relieve ectropion symptoms, however, definitive treatment of this condition is only possible through ectropion surgery.

The treatment of symptoms is aimed at relieve burning and irritation caused by dry eyes

To set the surgery to be performed to correct the ectropion el oculoplasty specialist You must examine each case in depth to determine the cause of the crease.

The technique to be used will depend exclusively on the cause of the ectropion. 

Usually, ectropion surgery is a simple process y ambulatory which is done under the influence of Anesthesia local applied by drops.

After surgery, the person will notice a immediate improvement and the goal of this surgery is get the initial state before noticing the symptoms of ectropion.

Summary
Ectropion: what it is, causes and treatment
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Ectropion: what it is, causes and treatment
Description
Ectropion is a malposition of the eyelid that causes discomfort to those who suffer from it. We tell you what it is and how it is treated.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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