Chalazion

The chalazion is a eyelid bump and occurs due to the obstruction, inflammation and consequently the fat accumulation in one of the meibomian glands.

El chalazion treatment can go from the application of Massage, wipes y heat but also antibiotic ointments and, in more advanced cases, the chalazion surgery.

Chalazion

The chalazion is a eyelid bump and occurs due to the obstruction, inflammation and consequently the fat accumulation in one of the meibomian glands.

El chalazion treatment can go from the application of Massage, wipes y heat but also antibiotic ointments and, in more advanced cases, the chalazion surgery.

What is the chalazion?

The chalazión, whose correct denomination according to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) is chalation, It occurs when small sebaceous glands located on the eyelid, known as the Meibomian glands, become blocked. Such obstruction causes inflammation in the eyelid that manifests itself in the form of eye lump.

This pathology is generally a response to the blockage of fat secretion y normally appears after a orzuelo, also called perrilla. The chalazion is very common in patients suffering from Blepharitis, seborrheic and rosacea dermatitis. This condition does not cause infectionbut one noticeable swelling in the affected area. An annoying appears cyst in the eye en forma de lump on the eyelid.

Often can be confused with the naked eye with a styeHowever there are several differences between chalazión and stye We will explain later.

Differences between stye and chalazion

A chalazion is sometimes confused with a stye, as both appear as a lump of fat in the eye. However, they are different pathologies that should be known to distinguish to apply the appropriate treatment to each of them.

The most significant differences are:

  • El orzuelo is an acute process caused by a infection, Whereas the chalazion it is a chronic process that causes inflammation in the eyelid.
  • El stye is . painful and chalazionGenerally does not produce pain.
  • The styes appear in the eyelid edge and chalazion develops further away from the lid edge.
  • The styes are produced by la infection from the root of a tab or for the obstruction of the sebaceous glands, Whereas the chalazion derives from a plugging in the meibomian glands.
  • With a chalazion, the entire eyelid is rarely inflamed. However, the styes affect the entire eyelid.

The symptoms of a orzuelo are characterized by the formation of a painful bump, eyelid redness y itching in the area due to infection. However the chalazion, as we have explained above, it presents different signals and does not cause infection or acute pain.

Chalazion symptoms

The main chalazion symptom is the formation of a lump in the eyelid that is usually painless, the first sign that sets it apart from a stye.

In some cases, when the inflammation is very advanced, the lump can become red and produce a little pain on contact. At other times, this condition causes total inflammation of the eyelid. When a large chalazion is formed, it can produce blurred vision.

Chalazione

How to remove a chalazion? Treatment without surgery

When it is small and does not give symptoms it can disappear by itself, although generally this condition requires a specific treatment administered by an ophthalmologist, especially in cases where it occurs recurrently. Chalazion can be treated with a combination of the following methods:

  • Antibiotic and / or steroids in drops and ointments.
  • Hot compresses to reduce inflammation. The simplest way is to hold the compress soaked in hot water against the closed eyelid for 5-10 min, repeating 3-4 times a day. The compress must be soaked repeatedly in the hot water to maintain the proper temperature.
  • Massages in the eyelid to stimulate glandular secretions.
  • In cases where the bulge becomes clogged and causes discomfort or aesthetic problems, its recommendation may be recommended. extraction through surgery.

This condition generally responds well to treatment, however there are people prone to recurrences and may need continued medication. If he Chalazion manifests frequently in the same place, surely you are wondering how to remove a chalazion. It is recommended to go to an ophthalmologist to perform a biopsy in order to rule out a more serious problem. If you present this condition it is important that:

  • Do not squeeze or try to drain the chalazion, this could seriously aggravate the problem.
  • To reduce possible complications, avoid wearing makeup y contact lenses while you suffer from this condition.

Chalazion surgery

The time to make a chalazion surgery es when he affects our vision and consequently we need to drain the fluid from the bulge. This operation is performed under Anesthesia local and it consists of the following.

The surgeon places a clamp around the chalazion inside the eyelid to keep it open. Then he makes a incision and cleans the bulge. Finally, cover the eye with a patch to control bleeding and inflammation.

In the event that the chalazion reappear recurrently, the specialist doctor will use a biopsy to examine the cause. This test will help the ophthalmologist to determine if there is a more serious problem and offer appropriate treatment.

surgery chalazion

Postoperative of chalazion surgery

After remove the eye patch that we put into the operation, you must moisten a towel small With warm water and place it over the eye. In this way, we will reduce inflammation and pain.

In addition, we also recommend applying a warm compress 2 to 4 times a day during 15 minutes. Remember follow the instructions given by the surgeon to the letter for a quick recovery.

Tips to prevent a chalazion

Because chalazions usually appear in patients with pre-existing conditions such as blepharitis, seborrheic dermatitis and rosacea, it is important to keep these pathologies controlled to ensure eye health and avoid suffering from different diseases on the eyelids.

Some recommendations to prevent its appearance are:

  • Keep a ophthalmic control, with periodic checkups that help ensure eye health.
  • Properly clean the eyelid area, removing very well the makeup of the eye area with suitable products. This will help prevent possible obstructions of the glands.
  • Do not share cosmetics Eyepieces with anyone.
  • Ensure that the makeup and products that are applied to the eyes are not expired.
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Chalazion
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Chalazion
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Chalazion occurs when the eyelid glands become blocked, causing inflammation in the area. We explain everything about this condition.
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Área Oftalmológica Avanzada
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